Learner Autonomy Scale

To help teachers determine levels of learner autonomy of young EFL learners towards English lessons

Orakcı, Ş., & Gelişli, Y. (2017). Learner Autonomy Scale: A scale development        study. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences5(4), 25-35.

Short description: The “Learner Autonomy Scale” (LAS), which comprises 14 items, was developed and validated in Orakcı and Gelişli (2017) through Exploratory Factor and Confirmatory Factory Analyses with two groups of six graders in Turkey.

Article file (pdf)
Instrument (doc)

Sample questions:
Instructions: You are expected to read each statement (item) in the scale and depending on how much you agree with it you are expected to mark an appropriate choice for you (“Disagree Strongly”, “Disagree Slightly”, “Agree”, “Agree”, “Agree Strongly”) with an X. The data collected will only be used for a scientific study. It is important to openly express your opinions for the reliability of the study. Therefore, do not write your name on the scale.

  • I would like to choose the most appropriate activity for learning English.
  • I want to take responsibility while learning English.
  • I’d like my opinions taken while learning English.
  • I would like to have a say in English lessons.
  • I can identify my weaknesses while learning English.

Paid or free: Free

Reliability/validity measures: Exploratory Factor and Confirmatory Factor Analyses


  • Individual
  • Educational/instructional


  • Students, in particular, young EFL learners

Type of measurement: Questionnaire

Possible uses:

  • Beginning of a semester to inform design of instructional/learning activities
  • For students’ own use e.g. for compiling a language learning portfolio

Ease of implementation: Easy. It takes approximately 20 minutes to complete the questionnaire. It could be followed by student sharing.


  • It is easy to administer and complete.
  • The instrument is validated.


  • It is developed for and validated with six graders in Turkey.
  • The items only focus on English lessons, but not other informal or non-formal learning environments.
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